Canine Parvovirus (CPV) is a common infectious disease in dogs that occurs mainly in puppies. Its symptoms include:
If your dog is experiencing any of these symptoms, it is recommended that he or she be examined at a veterinary clinic immediately.
What tests will be done?
CPV is a serious disease that can lead to death if left untreated. Your veterinarian will perform tests to determine if your dog is infected with CPV.These tests may include:
Blood test: CPV causes a decrease in the white blood cell count, which can be detected by a blood test.
Blood test with smear: this test can detect the presence of CPV virus in the blood.
Intra-abdominal examination: if your dog has severe diarrhea, your veterinarian may recommend an intra-abdominal examination to determine the cause.
Ultimately, the veterinarian will use the results to determine if the dog is infected with CPV.
How exactly do you determine these symptoms?
Fever: You can measure your dog’s temperature by using your hand to touch his nose. If your dog’s temperature is above normal (38-39°C), he may have a fever.
Diarrhea: You can observe your dog’s feces. If the feces are waterier, more abundant or stickier than usual, it may be diarrhea.
Vomiting: If the dog is vomiting, it may be vomiting.
Dehydration: You can observe your dog’s eyes, skin and mouth. If the eyes are sunken, the skin is constricted or the mouth is dry, it may be dehydration.
Lethargy: You can observe your dog’s mobility and mental state. If the dog is slower, weaker or in poorer spirits than usual, it may be lethargy.
Gastrointestinal cramps: You can observe your dog’s abdomen. If the abdominal muscles are tense, cramped or hard, it may be gastrointestinal cramps.
Infectious anemia: You can observe your dog’s eyes, skin and mouth. If the eyes are sunken, the skin is constricted or the mouth is dry, it may be infectious anemia.
Pneumonia: You can observe your dog’s breathing; if your dog is having difficulty breathing, shortness of breath or coughing, it may be pneumonia.
How should I treat canine polio (CPV)?
If your dog has been diagnosed with CPV, your veterinarian will develop a treatment plan based on your dog’s specific condition. Typically, treatment for CPV needs to be done in a hospital, as the disease can cause severe dehydration and electrolyte disturbances that require routine supportive therapy.
Routine supportive treatment includes:
Giving fluids: fluids may be given to the dog in order to rehydrate and replenish electrolytes.
Giving medications: antibiotics may be given to suppress bacterial infection, as well as medications to control vomiting and diarrhea.
Giving pain medication: If the dog is feeling pain, pain medication may be given.
In addition to regular supportive treatment, your dog may also be given antiviral medication to help control the replication of the virus.
Treatment for CPV usually takes 3-5 days, during which time the dog will need to be in the hospital. During treatment, the dog may feel unwell, so every effort should be made to ensure that the dog is as comfortable as possible. If the dog improves, the vet will slowly remove the dog from the tube and take the dog home.
After the dog is cured, it should be vaccinated against canine micro virus to prevent future re-infections. You should also take care of your dog’s hygiene by keeping his surroundings clean and avoiding any contact with items that could be infected with the virus.
Is canine polio (CPV) contagious?
Yes, CPV is a contagious disease. It can be spread through direct contact with infected feces, saliva, or respiratory secretions. Among dogs, common routes of transmission include:
Through direct contact with infected feces
Spread from one place to another through people or objects (e.g., shoes, clothing) carrying the virus
Spread through saliva, respiratory secretions or skin scratching between dogs
CPV viruses can easily survive in the environment, even in hot, humid environments, for a long time. Therefore, even if your dog has been cured, it is important to keep your dog’s surroundings clean and to avoid your dog coming into contact with objects that may be infected with the virus.
Is canine polio (CPV) contagious to humans?
CPV is a canine virus that primarily affects dogs. It does not usually affect people directly.
However, it is possible for humans to become infected with other diseases, such as bacterial diarrhea, after coming into contact with infected feces or items carrying the virus. Therefore, you should pay attention to hygiene when coming into contact with dogs, avoid touching their feces and respiratory secretions as much as possible, and wash your hands frequently.
Can canine polio (CPV) be transmitted to other animals in the home?
CPV is a canine virus that primarily affects dogs. Generally, it is not contagious to other animals in the house. However, if there are other animals in the house, such as cats, it is recommended to maintain good hygiene practices after your dog is cured and avoid letting other animals come into contact with your dog’s feces, saliva or respiratory secretions. This will reduce the risk of other animals contracting the disease.
If you have questions about discomfort or illness in other animals in your household, it is advisable to consult your veterinarian immediately.
How can canine microtia (CPV) be prevented?
To prevent your dog from contracting CPV, the following measures are recommended:
Vaccinate your dog against Canine Poliovirus (CPV): Canine Poliovirus (CPV) vaccine is effective in preventing CPV infection in dogs. it is recommended that your dog be vaccinated after birth and be re-checked regularly.
Maintain good hygiene habits: avoid exposing your dog to infected feces, saliva or respiratory secretions, and wash your hands frequently.
Keep your dog’s surroundings clean: Clean up your dog’s feces in a timely manner and keep your dog’s surroundings clean to avoid exposing your dog to items that may be infected with the virus.
In addition, if your dog has the opportunity to travel or come into contact with other dogs, it is recommended to pay attention to the following matters:
Avoid exposing your dog to feces, saliva or respiratory secretions from unknown dogs.
Use protective devices, such as a muzzle, when your dog is traveling.
If your dog has exposure to other dogs, it is recommended that you wash your dog promptly after exposure.
That the above advice is for informational purposes only, and if you have questions about your dog’s health, it is recommended that you consult your veterinarian immediately.